It is unlikely that llamas will eat any of the bulbs listed below,
but it just as well to be aware of the dangers.
Also known as Belladonna Lily
The alkaloids present in the bitter-tasting bulb will cause trembling and vomiting. This will be followed by a general feeling of weakness and too rapid a heartbeat. The pupils of the eye will become dilated. This last symptom may remain after all other signs have disappeared.
This plant is related to Water Hemlock and the roots are considered very dangerous.
If this plant is eaten in quantities, poisoning can result in diarrhea, trembling vomiting, and convulsions. Since poisoning may be fatal it is best that small children are not near the plant at any time. The problem here is that children are attracted to the bulbs which look much like the edible onion.
Also known as Autumn Crocus or Meadow Saffron
The long, thin leaves and thick bulb of the autumn crocus appear in the spring and then wither in the fall, when a light purple flower appears. Colchicine, the poisonous principle, is present in the entire plant, but is most concentrated in the root or bulb.
A bulbous herb of the lily family, this common garden or potted hyacinth has green leaves nearly twelve inches long and about three-quarters of an inch wide. The poisonous principle is concentrated in the large bulb. Ingesting only a small amount of a hyacinth bulb may cause severe stomach upset.
The irritating juice in the leaves and roots of the Iris causes severe, but not dangerous gastrointestinal upsets.
Eating the bulbs may cause gastroenteritis, resulting in vomiting and diarrhea.
This is an Amaryllis family bulbous herb, prized by gardeners for its early blooming flowers. The small bulbs containing alkaloids, may cause stomach and intestinal upset.
The Star-of-Bethlehem is a one-foot tall, onion-like plant with a large bulb and small white flowers. The bulbs are sometimes eaten by children and cause nausea and vomiting. An irregular heartbeat similar to digitalis intoxication has been reported. Poisoning is usually not severe.
There are about thirty species of this beautiful perennial herb belonging to the Lily family growing throughout North America. Each spring the flowering stalks arise from thick, short root stocks. eating the toxic rootstocks produces violent vomiting.
The tulip bulb is poisonous when uncooked.
Brian and Jane Pinkerton
29343 Galahad Crescent
Canada V4X 2E4